There're 2 SPYKER car owner's manuals PDF.
The Dutch company Spyker (originally Spijker) existed from 1880 to 1926.
For the first 20 years of its history, it built carriages, then entered the automotive market.
In 1903, it pioneered the use of such important components for the industry as an inline 6-cylinder engine, four-wheel drive and brakes on all four wheels.
At the beginning of the 20th century, her cars were in demand among the European elite and successfully competed in races.
In 1915, the Spyker company became the property of the pilot Henri Weinmalen and began to produce aircraft, as a result of which a spoked wheel combined with a propeller appeared on its logo, with the Latin inscription "Nulla tenaci invia est via" ("for the stubborn there are no impassable roads" ).
This motto did not help the company survive after the WW1, and for the next 75 years the Spyker brand was forgotten.
In total, she made about 2, 000 classic cars, of which no more than 20 have survived to this day.
In 2000, Spyker was revived by Dutchmen Victor Muller and Maarten de Bruijn with the launch of a modern supercar with an Audi V8 engine, made in aviation style - Spyker C8 Spyder.
During the evolution of this model, more advanced cars were created - C8 Aileron (2008) and C8 Preliator (2016), as well as several concept cars.
In 2010, GM bought Spyker Cars N. V. and the Swedish company SAAB, which led to the bankruptcy of both enterprises.
Now Spyker Cars N. V. is in a state of restructuring and its future is uncertain.
According to official statistics, in 15 years of its work, it sold only 310 cars.